More Than The Normal Hair Loss – Is Alopecia Causing My Child’s Hair To Fall Out?

An interesting article in discusses hair loss that is a concern for children, whether it is hair thinning or bald spots. Alopecia is characterized by the thinning and fragility of the hair, often causing severe psychological stress to parent and child alike. It is bad enough for grown men and women to have hair loss, but imagine how traumatic it is for children. This diagnosis has grown common nowadays but needs the complete assessment of not only a pediatrician, but the validation of several other specialists like endocrinologist, neurologist, and immunologist to further confirm. This occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, where hair growth begins. The damage is typically not permanent and experts could not determine why the immune system attacks the hair follicles as of yet. This can develop at any age however, it is increasingly common for children and. Male and female are equally affected.

Types of Alopecia in Children

As discussed in, Alopecia developing commonly on children have three types: Loss of hair in patches or Alopecia Areata; Loss of hair entire head or Alopecia Totalis; and loss of hair all over the body, not just the head or Alopecia Aniversalis.

Causes of Alopecia in Children

There are several known causes, typically, this medical condition is hereditary. Genetic disorders of parents were passed onto their children. A child with metabolic disorder may also develop Alopecia. Endocrine disorders like hypothyroidism or a deficiency in the thyroid hormone and diabetes are also common causes and must be under the care of an endocrinologist. The presence of ringworm, microsporia and scald head may also trigger Alopecia. The emotional state of the child, such as psychological trauma or stress may also lead to Alopecia. For infants and newborns, rachitis and friction of the baby’s head and the pillow may also be reasons for a baby to develop Alopecia.

Is treatment necessary?

It is essential for Alopecia in children to be treated. Since the damage to the hair follicles is not permanent, it can be eradicated. Since Alopecia is possibly caused by many varying factors, it is best to determine the root cause so an appropriate specialist can administer the treatment. For example, for Alopecia caused by endocrine disorders, an endocrinologist may change the child’s diet and encourage physical exercise. Once the endocrine diseases are treated, the child’s hair will grow again.